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Qalich Khan

Khaja Abid alias Qalich Khan was born in Aliabad near Samarkhand in the kingdom of Bukhara. Khaja Abid’s first visit to India was in 1654- 55 on his way to Mecca. Later he joined the service of Aurangzeb in 1657 and served with distinction. Khaja Abid was highly respected and was one of the most distinguished commanders of the Mughal army. In 1687 he played an important role in the siege of Golconda and fought with exemplary courage and bravery. Unfortunately a cannon ball of the enemy struck and carried away his right shoulder blade. He refused to dismount and rode back all the way to his camp. Emperor Aurangzeb was much distressed and sent his Prime Minister Jumdat-ul-Mulk to enquire about his health. With the usual smile, he informed the Prime Minister that he hoped to be fit very soon and be able to resume his duties in the service of the Emperor.

He took it in his stride, sipping coffee in his tent as the gaping wound was being sewn. During his three days, illness the Emperor wrote to his son Ghaziuddin Khan Feroz Jung as follows. “I wanted to come down to inquire after the health of that devoted well-wisher of the state. But I said to myself that I might not be able to bear the sight of his painful condition. That is why I sent down Jumdat—ulM ulk to see him with my eyes and to tell him the secret of my heart. The only fruits now obtainable are grapes but Unani physicians think they will not agree with the condition of that pillar of the state, besides whom there is no one who knows the royal disposition better. I have resolved not to eat grapes myself. God willing, we both will eat together, after he is restored completely.”

But unfortunately Qalich Khan died three days later and was buried at Atapur village south—east of Himayath Sagar. The tomb is within an open enclosure with those of the other members of the family. It was after his burial that the missing hand was discovered and identified by the signet ring and given a special burial at Qismatpur, another village near Golconda. His son, Ghaziuddin Khan Feroz Jung, became a high-ranking noble during Aurangzeb’s regime and he married the daughter of Nawab Saadullah Khan, the Prime Minister of Shah Jehan.

Their eldest son, Mir Qamaruddin Khan Bahadur, later became the first Nizam of Hyderabad. Compassionate and His name was Khwaja Abid and his geneology reached to Shaik Shahabuddin Suhrawardi. In the twenty ninth year of the late King, after visiting the holy places (Harmain Sharif) he visited Kabul and from there came to India. During the period when the late King started his journey from Deccan to North India to see his ailing father he got his mansab of three thousand and five hundred horses. Later in the 7th year of the late King he was given the mansab of four thousand and five hundred horses with the title of Qalich Khan.

Thus he became a noted noble. When the late King was proceeding from Sholapur to capture Bijapur, he was rewarded with a bow & arrow. Due to his efforts peace was made and Bijapur was captured. In 1689 when the armies of Mughals besieged the Fort of Golconda his arm was injured from the attack of the rivals (Golconda Forces). The late King sent Jamadatul Mulk to enquire about his health. At that time surgeons were operating upon his arm and he was talking to other persons with ease and drinking Quhwa (Coffee) and remarked that stitching of the body is a wonderful thing that came to him, and after three days, he died. When his grave was eroded by the weather, it was reconstructed and decorated by the order of Mir Osman Ali Khan, AsafJah VII King of Deccan & Berar in 1942.

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