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HYDERABAD HISTORY

PRE QUTB SHAHI QUTB SHAHI ASAF JAHI PRESENT  HYDERABAD GLOSSARY BIOGRAPHIES

ASAF JAHI NOBLES
Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad Bahadur(Yamin us Saltanat)

Born on 28th January, 1864. He was the son of Raja Han Kishen and grandson on the maternal side of Raja Narainder Bahadur, the Peshkar who was the grandson of Raja Chandulal. Great attention was paid to his education by his maternal grandfather. He attained proficiency in Persian and Arabic. He was a student of Madrasa-i-Aliya and was the classmate of Mir Laiq Ali Khan, Salar Jung II and Nawab Munir-ul-Mulk. While still young he showed remarkable talents in Persian and Urdu poetry. The Maharaja inherited a Jagir from his maternal grandfather and when he came of age, he took over the management of his Jagir’. The income from the ‘Jagir’ was about Rs. 51/2 lakh per annum. As a special privilege, he had both civil and criminal authority over his subjects, a privilege enjoyed only by the highest noble of the state. On 23rd May, 1874, on the occasion of the birthday of Mir Mahhooh Ali Khan, Nizam VI, he was awarded the title of “Raja Bahadur”. In 1892, he was appointed as ‘Peshkar’ by Nizam VI and he took charge of the army portfolio. In the following year, he was awarded the title of “Rajayan Raja Maharaja”. During Sir Viqar-ul-Umara’s visit to Simla in 1901, Kishen Pershad officiated as Prime Minister. In the following year, he was confirmed as the Prime Minister.

A ‘durbar’ was held and he was awarded robes of honour and six jewels of the insignia of the high office. Maharaja was a good administrator and in a short period he gained the confidence of his subordinates by his impartial and broad outlook. In 1903, the British Government conferred upon him the title of “Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire” at a durhar in Delhi. A few months later, in appreciation of his long and distinguished services to the State, Nizam VI awarded him the title of “Yamin-us-Saltanat.” When Lord Curzon was in Hyderabad, he visited Maharaja Kishen Pershad’s palace and viewed the procession of the “Royal Langer”. Mir Mahhooh Ali Khan, Nizam VI, also visited the Maharaja’s palace on several occasions. In 1907, in view of his services rendered to the State, Maharaja was honoured with the insignia of G.C.l.E. by the British Government. During the ministry of Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad the finances of the State were reorganised and placed on a sound footing. On 29th August 1911. Mir Mahboob Ali Khan died but Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad continued as “Madurul Muham” (Prime Minister) during the reign of Nizarn VII also. In .July 1912 Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad resigned as the Prime Minister hut he retained the hereditary office of “Peshkar”. Again from 24th November 1925 to 1937, he served as the President of the Executive Council during the reign of Nizam VII.

The Maharaja was an accomplished poet. He wrote poetry both in Urdu and Persian, mostly “Ghazals” full of mystical thoughts under the norn-de-plurne of “Shad”. He wrote a few books in Marathi also. He has to his credit nearly 60 works in these languages. He was also an oriental scholar, and an excellent calligraphist. He encouraged art and literature and patronised Urdu poets. He was a versatile nobleman who was the last symbol of Mughal nobility. He was very fond of monograms and used different designs of monograms on his letterheads from time to time. The Maharaja became an institution in 1-lyderabad for his generosity. His charities were large and universal. During his drives through the city he would scatter silver and copper coins all along the road to the poor. The Maharaja’s creed was love and belief in humanity. The Maharaja’s munificence was an expression of his creed. One who believes in humanity invariably helps the poor and the needy. The Maharaja kept his charity so secret that nobody had any knowledge of it. Often he gave money with his own hands and while doing so kept his eyes lowered to spare embarrassment to the receiver, If the recipient happened to be from a respectable family, Maharaja’s eyes were moist with tears.

Love of children was a characteristic trait of the Maharaja. No child could pass by without receiving some token of affection from him. It was his usual practice to take into his arms without hesitation even the ill-clad children of the poor. Loyalty to the king was part of his creed. He was a man of great culture and retained the confidence of both the Nizams viz., VI and VII. According to the tradition of his house and the custom of interm arriages evolved by Akbar, Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad married both Hindu and Muslim ladies. He had one son, Raja Khaja Pershad, and two daughters from his second Maharani. The Maharaja died on 3rd July, 1940 and his funeral procession was more than a mile long.



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